Those of us of certain age may recall the suggestion that L. Frank Baum’s The Wonderful Wizard of Oz allegorically represented the Populist movement. There even was an article “The Wizard of Oz: Parable on Populism” published in American Quarterly, Fall 1968, asserting the theory. According to Henry Littlefield’s analysis in this article, Dorothy represents us and her silver shoes (for they were silver in the book although ruby in the movie) will carry us through wherever we want to go in a supposed allusion to William Jennings Bryan ideas about the silver standard. The path she travels is a dangerous one. Thus the gold standard represented by the yellow brick road is fraught with unforeseen perils. Carrying the “Parable of Populism” further, the lion represents Bryan himself, Oz is Washington, D.C., and the Wizard is the President–any president from Grant to McKinley–whomever happens to be in the seat of power. The Wicked Witch of the West is both the Bank and the harsher side of mother nature who imposes natural disasters on the people of the Midwest. When the Wizard ultimately leaves Oz and the Scarecrow and Tin Woodsman take his place, Littlefield claims this is the farmers taking the seat of power they deserve in the Populists’ point of view. The Lion (Bryan) is King of the Forest or the “forest full of lesser politicians” according to Littlefield’s analysis. The parallels in this theory are intriguing yet, in many cases, obviously flawed.
Fast forward thirty years to the truth. Who dispels the myth that the underlying story of Oz is that of Populism? Henry Littlefield himself admits that he only came up with the idea as device for teaching his Mount Vernon [N.Y.] High School history students about the Populist movement and never intended his theory be taken so seriously. Littlefield explained all of this in an article “The Wizard of Allegory” in the Baum Bugle 36 (Spring 1992):24-25. Despite the flaws and tenuous connections in the Littlefield’s theory and the fact that he, the person who presented the idea, sets the record straight retracting the validity of the parallels he attempted to draw, there are still those that cling to the theory to this day. It may be that many of us missed the sequel to the intriguing story that Oz was not as innocent as it seemed. Or it may be that we choose to believe these ideas because political conspiracy theories are more interesting than innocent American fairy tales.
As we enter the new year perhaps we are more sensitive than usual to what has passed and what, we wonder, is to come. It can be very amusing to consider what those before us predicted today would be like. Think of reading George Orwell’s 1984 sometime after it was written in 1949 and then living through and after 1984. Thankfully, not everything turned out “Orwellian” although, arguably, some things did.
This piece of sheet music from the Grosvenor Room Reference Sheet Music Collection begged for consideration this new year. “A Hundred Years from Now” by Caddigan, Brennan and Story has a copyright date of 1914—exactly a hundred years from its publication date. It chorus asks “I wonder what kind of life they’ll lead a hundred years from now? I wonder whats going to be the speed a hundred years from now …”
The lyrics bemoan change–social change that is.
Picture this town that once was just a pasture,
Picture the girls who roam’d it years ago—
They were the wonderful kind you know the kind I’ve in mind
The sort of girl the world calls slow.—
Apparently the artist Starmer did not have the lyrics because he designed a cover about technological rather than social change. The cover shown above illustrates all types of aircraft and skyscrapers crowding the sky as an elfin character in the foreground peers through a collapsible telescope at this other-worldliness.
Taking this glimpse backward at something culturally meant to predict what lies ahead (for us now), we conclude that there is little point in even trying to prognosticate–socially, technologically, or otherwise–because it is beyond our imaginations by design. Happy New Year from the Grosvenor Rare Book Room!
Lyman Frank Baum [1856 – 1919] began his life and journey in Chittenango, New York, just south of Oneida Lake and east of Syracuse. His yellow brick road led him from Central New York to the Dakota Territory, Chicago and, ultimately, California. He enjoyed wealthy times and lived through lean and bankrupt times. Along the way he was a chicken breeder, printer, actor, playwright, shopkeeper, china salesman, journalist, and children’s book writer.
Baum’s life and writings are the subject of the current and exciting Grosvenor Rare Book exhibit The Wonderful Wizardry of Baum. Many are unaware that Baum wrote 13 other Oz books in his lifetime (2 published posthumously) and that he also wrote other books before and while he wrote about Oz. Frank Baum’s Wonderful Wizard of Oz has been dubbed an American Fairytale and his life could be called the same with all of its remarkable highs and lows.
Come see first editions of the “Oz Canon” and some of Baum’s earlier non-Oz writings. Learn about Baum’s incredible life journey and about the illustrators of Oz. See also more recent mechanical and fine press versions of The Wizard of Oz. And walk in front of the life-size Wicked Witch of the West and she has some words for you!
Central Library staff decided to create a book sculpture–an homage to the book–and place it where those approaching the front entrance of Library and those inside looking out could see it through the seasons as an evolving member of the garden.
Though not belonging to the Rare Book Collection (and certainly NOT made of books from the Rare Book Collection!), the sculpture is another worthy demonstration of Book Art making it near and dear to Rare Book Room’s heart.
As stated before, the sculpture was a collaborative staff effort. Staff from the Maintenance Department, Graphics Department and the Grosvenor Room designed and installed this fine piece of book art [re]using superseded or duplicative books that had been discarded. Instead of destroying the no-longer-useful books, we turned them into art!
Filed under Art, Book Art
To commemorate the 50th anniversary of the “I Have a Dream” speech made by Martin Luther King Jr. during the March on Washington, D.C. in August of 1963, the Rare Book Room has placed on display two items from its collection of cultural posters from the 1960′s and ’70′s.
Shown above are images of the display, with a poster of excerpts from the speech published by Emerson Graphics of San Francisco in 1968. The other, a quotation from King’s Nobel Prize acceptance speech in Stockholm, Sweden December, 1964 and photographic image.
“Man must evolve for all human conflict a method which rejects revenge, aggression and retaliation. The foundation of such a method is love. ”
The latest artist’s book acquisition for the Grosvenor Rare Book Room (GRBR) is Julie Chen’s Memento. Limited to 50 copies, GRBR was fortunate to secure number 49. Reflecting upon the March 2007 bombing of a bookseller’s stall on Baghdad’s Al-Mutanabbi Street, the metal locket holds a miniature book to demonstrate the delicate nature of books and words, and to remind us about the power of reading. Also held in the locket is a triptych commemorating the booksellers’ street. Done with jeweler’s precision in miniature, Chen’s work speaks volumes with its few words.
You live your life
careless of the liberty that you have inherited.
For you, the printed word has become commonplace
a substance that you take for granted
like the inalienable right to think your own thoughts
thoughts made visible through words on paper and then
thrown in the trash without consideration
a thing so basic that you are not conscious of its contingency.
You value the written word only abstractly
not as though this value could be translated into such things as
time or money or freedom from persecution.
What if with each word you ever read you risked losing
one millisecond of your life
And with each word you destroyed without thought
you risked bringing your community
one millisecond closer to destruction?
A book would be a force of reckoning
An object to he cherished and feared
The dividing line between the free world and the unfree world
This is the reality you pretend not to see
You focus instead on
We focus instead on
The idea of freedom for all
ignoring the simple fact that this has never been
the way things are.
What will it take to wake us
from our collective dream?
Buffalo in 1813 after treatment
Buffalo in 1813 before treatment
The Rare Book Room map, “Buffalo in 1813″ hand drawn by Charles J. North from the original map created by local merchant Juba Storrs just prior to the burning of Buffalo in December of 1813, has returned from our conservator and looks cleaner and crisper than it has in many years.
The original map, known as “Plat of Buffalo Village as it is at this date, April, 1813″ has been extant for over 100 years, and similar reproductions on a much smaller scale are held by the Buffalo History Museum and Cornell University Library. Our copy measures 65X51 centimeters, or approximately 1 and a half by 2 feet, and will be on display in the Grosvenor Room this December to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the burning of Buffalo during the War of 1812.
The redrawn map was made in 1917 by Charles North, a poet and former treasurer of the First Presbyterian Society, and he has added the present day names of some of the streets and listed the number of members of the First Presbyterian Church at the time.
Chas J. North, 1917
This truly historical artifact has been preserved thanks to a grant by the Greater Hudson Heritage Network and can be viewed and studied by patrons of the library for generations to come.